Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India with a rich history that spans ancient empires to modern times. The region was part of powerful empires like Mauryan, Gupta, and Mughals. Magnificent monuments like the Taj Mahal and Agra Fort were constructed during the Mughal era. After independence, Uttar Pradesh became a state with Lucknow as its capital. The state is known for its cultural heritage, pilgrimage sites, bustling cities, and diverse blend of languages, cultures, and traditions.