"Punjab is a state in northern India known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and agricultural prosperity. The region has a diverse history dating back to ancient times, including the Indus Valley Civilization and rule under the Mauryan and Gupta Empires. During the medieval period, the region was ruled by dynasties such as the Sikh Empire, Mughals, and British. Punjab played a vital role in India's struggle for independence, with leaders such as Bhagat Singh and Lala Lajpat Rai emerging from the state. After India gained independence, Punjab was divided into two parts: the Indian state of Punjab and the Pakistani province of Punjab. Today, Punjab is a popular tourist destination, known for its religious significance, including the Golden Temple in Amritsar, and its cultural heritage, including the famous Bhangra dance, traditional handicrafts, and mouth-watering Punjabi cuisine, featuring popular dishes like butter chicken, tandoori chicken, and makki di roti with sarson da saag."